When and what consumable for tire fitting should I use?

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When and what consumable for tire fitting should I use?
When and what consumable for tire fitting should I use?

Tyre repair consumables are needed to repair car tires, which are used by both ordinary motorists and professional service stations.

consumable for tire fitting
consumable for tire fitting

The most common problem with all chambered and tubeless tires is a puncture - a minor damage that violates the integrity and tightness. More serious defects are called breakdowns or cuts. They are characterized not only by leakage, but also by broken cords.

But the question of how to seal the camera is not the only one that the auto repair shop workers decide. They also have to deal with wheel imbalance due to rim geometry changes.


Car wheels, no matter how trite it may sound, conditionally consist of two parts - a metal rim and a rubber chamber. In this regard, all consumables are classified into two groups:

  • vulcanization materials - used to eliminate punctures, tears and othertire damage (rubber wheel elements);
  • balance weights - used to compensate for rim deformations.

The most widespread on the market are blanks for vulcanization. Canopies are mounted on a special stand, which an ordinary driver cannot afford. Therefore, such a consumable for tire fitting is more in demand in professional repair centers.


Elimination of damage associated with the violation of the integrity of the chamber and the loss of tightness is carried out using a certain consumable for tire fitting. Accordingly, they can be divided into three groups:

  1. Raw rubber - used to eliminate small punctures.
  2. Patches - used to "treat" breakdowns, cuts in places where the cord threads were broken.
  3. Express Materials - Components for Urgent Wheel Restoration.

Raw rubber is needed for vulcanization - hot puncture removal. It is a black plastic mass, which, when heated to a temperature of 140-150 degrees, melts and adheres to the camera.

Puncture blanks

Elimination of breakdowns consists in restoring the tightness of the chamber and cord threads. For this purpose, a patch is used - a consumable for tire fitting, which is a reinforced piece of rubber. It is installed on the inside of the tire. One of the sides of such a "patch" is smeared with glue, with which cold vulcanization becomes possible.

consumables for tire fitting
consumables for tire fitting

Patches without reinforcing cord have also become widespread. They are used to restore the tightness, rigidity of the frame in case of minor damage. All patches without reinforcing cord are divided into universal and chamber patches, which can be stretched.

Very often, raw rubber is used with the patch, which is applied over the patch, increasing its adhesion to the surface. Also, a “raw” consumable for tire fitting is needed when cleaning the surface and filling the funnels.

Express Repair

Quick repair blanks are only a temporary measure, for example, when you are on the road or cannot go to a car repair shop. The main component of the urgent repair is the "leg".

how to stick a camera
how to stick a camera

It is a small rubber cylinder with a pointed edge or a metal tip. It is used to restore the treadmill, since in other parts the tire is much thicker, and it is impossible to securely fasten it. A type of leg is a fungus. It is a combination of a rubber cylinder and a patch. All tire fitting consumables shown are required to repair damage up to 13mm in diameter.

Balancing weights

Use special canopies to evenly distribute the mass of the wheel, which reduces its vibration in the vertical plane during rotation.

balancing weights
balancing weights

There are two main types of balancing weights:

  1. Self-adhesive - adhere to the rim with double-sided tape or glue.
  2. Stuffed - have a special bracket, with which they are fixed on the disk.

Before installing such an element on a special machine, the required weight of the load is determined. It is possible to install balancing canopies without the use of professional stands, but it is impossible to select the mass and determine the exact place of their installation yourself.