2023 Author: Erin Ralphs | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-20 18:31
Manufacturing country "MAN" (Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Nürnberg) - Germany. The concern specializes in the production of trucks of various types, buses, diesel turbines and engines. The company was founded in 1958 and is headquartered in Munich. The company celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2008, employs more than 50,000 people, with annual sales in 120 countries of about 15 billion euros per year. Consider the features of creating a company, as well as a brief description of the most popular machines of this brand.
Continuing to study the country of origin of "MAN", it should be noted that historically the origin of the enterprise began in 1758. At that time, the metallurgical plant "St. Antony" began its work in Oberhausen. In 1808, the plant merged with two more companies, as a result of which the Jacobi Iron And Steel Works Union And Trading Company was founded.
The first enterprise in Southern Germany, known as "MAN", was created in 1840 by engineer Ludwig Sander. At one time, the name changed to Maschinenfabrik, and later to MAN-Werk Gustavsburg. In 1908, the company received its current name, but the priority was the extraction of ore and the production of pig iron. Although the engineering direction was not left without attention.
Few people do not know the country of manufacture of "MAN", as these trucks are distributed all over the world. It should be noted that during the war period the economic situation of the corporation deteriorated significantly. In many ways, this was influenced by repatriations after the First World War, the occupation of the Ruhr region, as well as the general financial crisis.
In just a couple of years, the number of employees has halved. There was a collapse of civilian industry, and the military sphere developed rapidly within the framework of the National Socialist idea. MAN produced diesel engines for tanks and submarines, cylinders for shells and pistol parts. After the end of the Second World War, the allies divided the enterprise into parts. The main direction was the manufacture of commercial vehicles and typewriters.
In 1982-83, the producing country "MAN" experienced another crisis associated with a bad financial situation and the world oil collapse. The enterprise itself expected a deep corporate decline. The problem was mainly reflected in the decline in sales of commercialVehicle. An additional factor in the decline in production was the outdated structure of the company with significant cross-subsidization between branches. The company was updated in 1986, the head office was moved to Munich, the official name of the corporation became MAN AG.
In the country of manufacture of the car "MAN" a lot has changed in 2006 (regarding the specified company). The group's management signed an agreement with Force Motors, a company from India. The agreement provided for the creation of a joint plant in equal shares for the production of trucks and buses operated on the domestic and foreign markets. Production facilities opened in Pithampur, Madyah Pradesh. The first truck of Indian origin rolled off the assembly line in 2007. Four years later, the German concern bought out part of its eastern partner, after which a subsidiary began operating in India.
In the fall of 2006, an attempt was made to take over the Swedish Scania, which was supported by the European Commission. However, after a couple of months, the proposal was withdrawn due to the refusal of influential shareholders. MAN celebrated its 250th anniversary on a grand scale (2008). The program includes exhibitions in various museums, as well as a tour of vintage models under the slogan "MAN back on the road".
In 2009, the company re-registered under the European brand MAN SE. In the summer of the same year, the MAN Turbo and MAN Diesel branches were merged into one project called Power Engineering. In addition, the corporationsigned a strategic agreement with Chinese partners producing Sinotruk brand truck. During this period, some of the smaller subsidiaries were sold.
The truck-producing country "MAN" was not without scandals. In 2009, prosecutors in Munich exposed a corruption scheme practiced by the company's management in terms of bribing business partners and members of governments in several dozen countries. To get a contract for the period from 2001 to 2007 for the production of buses and trucks, part of the "top" of the company, headed by CEO Samuelson, had to resign.
The history of the creation of "MAN" continued in the summer of 2011. At that time, the Volkswagen AG group bought over 55 percent of the voting shares and half of the capital in MAN SE. A merger with Scania was planned, which would allow the renewed brand to become the largest manufacturer of European trucks. Such a scheme would save about half a billion euros by combining the purchases of consumables and spare parts. The regulatory part of this agreement ended in November 2011.
- Volkswagen increased its voting shares to 73 percent in the spring of 2012;
- in June of the same year, the figure rose to 75%;
- the results obtained allow us to open a dominance agreement.
"MAN" - whose brand?
Producing country of the consideredcar - Germany. In the modern model range, several types of machines are presented, the brief parameters of which we will consider below. Let's start with the THC series.
The indicated vehicles are optimally suited for long-term transportation, they differ in overall dimensions from each other. The cab of the machine is characterized by good visibility, the top hatch opens with a spoiler. The largest driver's seat is presented in the XLL series. Inside, there is almost no noise, and the finishes and appliances are top notch.
TGA and TGS models
Which country is the producer of "MAN", discussed above. Next, we will briefly study the features of the cargo tractor of the TGA line. The cab and platform of these machines is focused on the transportation of building materials and equipment, with a total weight of 50 tons. The car is equipped with a six-cylinder engine of 10.5 liters, with a capacity of up to 440 "horses". The cabin height is 2.2 meters with a width of 0.79 meters.
Trucks of the TGS line are equipped with one of the cab types:
The width of the first "compact" variation is 0.75 m. All of these versions are quite tall, equipped with the necessary equipment for optimal performance. The power indicator of a truck of this series is 330-430 horsepower with a volume of 10.5 liters. Build reliability and quality parameters are time-tested.
Modifications of TGM and TGL
The MAN TGM vehicles weigh 26 tons and are equipped with eight types ofwheelbases (from 3.52 to 6.17 meters). Such machines are designed to transport building materials or debris without leaving the settlement. Body length varies from 3.9 to 8.1 meters. The car is equipped with a six-cylinder diesel engine with a capacity of 240, 280, 326 horsepower. Euro-3 environmental standard.
The TGL version is designed for excessive loads, it is equipped with a special filter that serves to clean the air during ventilation or heating. The cab of the car is equipped with a pair of driver's seats with suspension. The "engine" with four cylinders, a volume of six liters and power indicators from 150 to 206 horsepower acts as a power unit.
When asked who produces MAN, Germany is mentioned as the country of origin. It is worth noting that Rudolf Diesel made a significant contribution to the development of the brand. The engineer in 1893 received a patent for the development of a four-stroke motor. Four years later, a full-fledged engine was created, operating on the principle of compression ignition.
In 1925, machines of the MAN S1H6 type were produced, with a cargo volume of up to 5 tons and an "engine" with six cylinders. In 1955, the company received a plant in Munich, which had previously developed power units for various BMW series. Since that period, the production of trucks began to grow actively, and instead of V-shaped engines, six-cylinder versions began to be installed. In 1978the MAN brand received the title of "Truck of the Year", after which they made a special production line of MAN Nutzfahrzeug AG. A team of more than 20 thousand employees worked in this direction. In 2007, one of the MAN cars won first place in the Paris-Dakkar rally.
Trucks of this brand are focused on the transportation of goods over long distances. They are actively used for urban and interregional transportation. In the truck line, versions have been developed that are equipped for one purpose or another. All cars are distinguished by a good load capacity, reliability and the most comfortable design of the workplace.