2023 Author: Erin Ralphs | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-20 18:31
In the mid-60s, the growing share of exports in the production program of the AZLK plant created a shortage of cars in the domestic market. The growth of production volumes at AZLK was limited by the capabilities of the plant. And in 1965, to meet the growing demand for cars, construction began on a backup plant in Izhevsk, focused on the production of Moskvich cars of models 408 and 412.
In addition to sedans, the plant produced a small batch of "Moskvich" "pie" model 434 ("pie" is one of the everyday nicknames for IZH and AZLK vans). But soon the ambitious design team of the new plant developed its own model of a utility vehicle - IZH-2715.
Lineup IZH "Oda"
Izhevsk designers began to develop a basic car of their own design already in the early 70s. However, the development and development went with great difficulty. The new machine under the index IZH-2126 "Oda" began to be produced in small batches only in 1990. To load production all this time, Moskvich 412 and cargo-passenger 2715, better known as IZH "heel" (another commonnickname for delivery trucks).
When developing IZH "Oda", the designers laid down several options for the body and types of drive. One of the options was the new IZH "heel", under the designation "Oda" version. The car was produced in two versions - with a pickup truck body (model index 27171) and with a full-fledged closed cargo compartment (model index 2717). The pickup version has always been in less demand and its share in the production program of the plant did not exceed 20-25 percent. The first "Oda-version" cars were shipped to dealerships in 1997.
A four-wheel drive heel was produced in small batches - IZH 27174 "Hunter". The difference between the car was the transmission units, borrowed from the Togliatti Niva, and an elongated cab.
Changes in suspension
IZH 2717 "heel" was created on the platform of a standard car with a hatchback body and inherited many components and details from it. Due to the noticeably increased carrying capacity and the changed axle load, the suspension of the machine has undergone significant refinement.
The front suspension "heel" IZH received stiffer springs. The general suspension principle and rack and pinion steering remained unchanged. The rear suspension has become a completely different scheme. On the passenger version, the rear suspension was similar to that of the classic VAZ - the rear axle was mounted on four levers and equipped with an additional Panhard rod. The rear suspension of the car IZH "heel" was almost identicalsimilar to the rear-wheel drive "Moskvich". Instead of springs and levers, leaf springs were used in the suspension.
Thanks to the modified suspension, it was possible to increase the carrying capacity of the car to 650 kg while maintaining a high ground clearance (about 23 cm). Pickups had an even greater carrying capacity - up to 750 kg. The cars were equipped with tires designed for heavy loads. The ground clearance made it possible to use the IZH "heel" on roads with poor coverage, for example, in rural areas.
The brake system has not undergone any changes compared to the passenger car. The front wheels were equipped with disc mechanisms, the rear wheels were equipped with drum mechanisms.
The cargo compartment had a removable top. This decision was dictated by the peculiarities of the assembly line, on which it was impossible to put the high body of the Izhevsk "pie". The same solution was used in the design of the first generation of the "pie" IZH.
The rear door on the upper section of the compartment is lifting, to facilitate opening and fixing in the open position, pneumatic stops are provided in the design. The lower part of the cargo compartment had a drop side.
In addition to the classic metal compartment, there were isothermal versions. Pickups were equipped with a canvas awning and arches instead of a hard steel top.
The machine was equipped with several types of engines. All IZH "pie" engines ran on gasoline, there were few diesel production cars. The most common were the Ufa 85-horsepower UZAM 3317 (with a working volume of almost 1.7 liters) and the Zhiguli 74-horsepower VAZ 2106 (with a volume of 1.598 liters).
The gearbox had five forward speeds, all gears with synchronizers. For some time, the VAZ engine was equipped with a 21074 gearbox, but then the boxes were unified. For this, an adapter plate was developed, which made it possible to put the Izhevsk box on the VAZ engine.
A small number of cars (mainly models 27174) were equipped with a 64-horsepower VAZ-343 diesel engine (engine size 1,796 l).
The main reason for the cessation of the production of cars of the Oda family was the introduction of Euro 2 exhaust toxicity standards on the territory of the Russian Federation. The layout of the body and the engine compartment of the Oda family did not allow the placement of engines with fuel injection systems. Body modifications or reconfiguration of the engine were found to be economically unprofitable. Therefore, at the end of 2005, the production of cars on the IZH "Oda" platform ceased.
The latest version of "Moskvich" ("pie")
To load production capacity and meet the existing demand after the cessation of production of "Oda", a hybrid model IZH 25175 was created. The car received the front part from the VAZ-2104 (to the cargo compartment), the rear part remained Izhevsk. The cargo compartment, at the request of the customer, could be equipped with both a lifting door and a side, and two swing doors. The production of such hybrids continued until 2012year.
A big advantage of the design was the use of a large number of units and parts from VAZ cars. This made it possible to somewhat simplify and reduce the cost of maintenance and repair of the machine. It was possible to improve the corrosion resistance of the body by introducing a cataphoretic method of priming the body. However, many owners noted a less comfortable interior and sluggish steering.