2023 Author: Erin Ralphs | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-08-25 03:49
How much the VAZ-2101 weighs is affected by the wear of metal parts, the presence of an additional body kit and HBO equipment. It is worth noting that the vast majority of modern sedans are equipped with a carrier-configuration body. "Penny" in this case is no exception. This design is a steel box, inside which is equipped with a compartment for passengers, driver and luggage. In addition, the body carries the working components and assemblies of the vehicle.
Regardless of how much the VAZ-2101 weighs, the car body experiences not only static stress from the equipment installed on it, but is also forced to resist its effects under dynamic load. This property of the box is called torsional rigidity. On the machine in question, this figure is approximately 7300 Nm / deg.
This technical parameter is significantly affected by the condition of the bottom, roof, thresholds. This is due to the fact that these elements are interconnected by the front panel. In addition, the strength characteristics and body geometry depend on the integritydoor pillars, window panels and luggage compartment crossbar. You can check the correct symmetry and the general condition of the machine yourself. To do this, take the actual dimensions of the frame and compare them with the parameters specified in the car repair manual.
From the foregoing, it follows that the fatigue of the VAZ-2101 body directly affects the state of the control points for fixing units and assemblies, and also manifests itself in the correct geometry of its front, rear and side openings.
When moving (in dynamics), the distribution of loads on the frame occurs as follows:
- From the parts of the front suspension, vibration and mechanical moments are transformed to the cross member with the subsequent transition to the sub-frame part.
- Further, the force is transferred to the surface of the mudguards and the front shield, which are referred to as load-bearing body elements.
- In the back, a similar picture occurs in a more simplified form. Motor mounts are not involved here, the transition goes immediately from the suspension to the car frame.
Material of production
With this configuration of the body and suspension, the frame material plays a significant role in the safety and stability of the machine. It is logical that strengthening the weak points of the body will make the vehicle stiffer and more stable on the road. But then the mass of the car will be critical, which will make it clumsy and very heavy.
When strengthening the frame, the weight of the "penny" increases and the load on all structuralelements. That is why design engineers are trying to select a rational thickness of materials, taking into account the ratio of their dimensions and cross section. The result is a fairly strong and not too heavy body.
To reduce weight and save on cost, elements that do not carry loads are made of thinner metal. The main parts are about one millimeter thick, which is in line with other cars in the same class.
How much does the VAZ-2101 weigh?
Plumage "penny" front and rear welded to the frame of the machine, which makes it possible to bring it into the carrier scheme. It also helps to reduce the weight of the car. Below is the layout of the main parts of the "Zhiguli" of the first model (in kilograms):
- engine with related equipment - 140;
- gearbox – 26;
- cardan shaft – 10;
- rear axle – 52;
- radiator – 7, 0;
- body part – 280.
The total weight of the VAZ-2101 is 955 kilograms. It would seem that the figure is not very impressive. But if you multiply the balances by all units, of which 4.85 million were produced, it becomes clear that every gram saved plays a significant role.
Additional processing measures
It is worth noting that with dimensions of 4, 07/1, 61/1, 44 meters, the car in question has a fairly acceptable weight. The strength and integrity of the body is affected not only by how much the “penny” weighs and what is the thickness of the metal, but also by the quality of the factory and independentanti-corrosion treatment.
According to the rules, after welding, before painting, the car body must undergo phosphatization. In the process of such processing, the entire surface of the frame was covered with a special phosphate film resistant to chemical attack. In addition, the effect was fixed by applying a layer of primer, which was sprayed by electrophoresis. This allowed the priming layer to provide uniform coverage in the most inaccessible areas. The bottom of the vehicle was treated with a special reinforced mastic, which reliably protects the bottom from the effects of an aggressive environment.
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