Technical characteristics of "Isuzu-Elf" determined the popularity of the car among many representatives of medium and light trucks. The engineering company Isuzu in this line released many modifications that quickly spread throughout the world. The specified family has been mass-produced since 1959, contemporaries can observe the history of the creation of the seventh generation.
Briefly about the manufacturer
The Isuzu-Elf car, the technical characteristics of which we will consider below, became the first mass-produced vehicle of its segment, produced in Japan. Named after the river, Isuzu was founded in 1916. The final name "Isuzu Motors" was assigned to the company only in 1949. The first conveyor cars were "cars", and the first trucks came out in 1918.
In the future, the manufacturer has significantly consolidated its position in the domestic and foreign markets. This was largely due to large government orders from the tradecountry ministries. With the help of the state, the corporation began developing its own motors. Soon, the first atmospheric-cooled diesel engine in Japan was manufactured at the production bases of this company.
First generation (1959-1965)
The following are the specifications of the first generation Isuzu Elf (TL-221):
- machine weight - 2 tons;
- engine - a 1.5-liter gasoline engine with a capacity of 60 liters. c;
- wheelbase - 2, 18/2, 64 m;
Since 1960, a two-liter diesel engine with a power of 52 liters was installed on the car. s.
Light truck with a diesel engine GL-150 became the first small-tonnage Japanese car powered by diesel fuel. Many companies soon followed suit, including Chinese, American and German corporations. From the very first generation, Isuzu focused on the versatility of machines. Airborne versions, tanks, minibuses, dump trucks and vans were produced on the standard chassis.
Second and third generations
The technical characteristics of Isuzu-Elf in the second generation have not changed dramatically when compared with its predecessor. The load lift indicator increased to 2.5-3.5 tons. The useful volume of the standard diesel power unit was 1.6 liters, the power was 75 liters. With. The cockpit design has also changed slightly.
For the third generation of the machine in question, several modifications of diesel engines have been developed:
- Elf-150 - 2 l, 62 l. c;
- modification 250 "Super" - 3, 3 l (100 HP);
- "Wide-350" - 3.9 L (110 HP).
In addition, there were a number of intermediate "diesels", as well as a standard gasoline version. The carrying capacity parameter ranged from 1.5 to 3.5 tons. The exterior and interior of the vehicle have undergone changes.
4th and 5th episodes
The characteristics of the Isuzu-Elf in the next version did not particularly change the essence of the car. It has remained a reliable, practical, versatile and inexpensive light truck. This series was sold all over the world, but in some countries the car came out under other names. In parallel with this generation, the development of powerful analogues with increased load capacity "Forward" was carried out. The fourth generation received a new diesel engine with the START system, with a volume of 2.5 liters.
The fifth version of the truck in question came out with an updated design and an upgraded engine. The car has remained the same popular on all continents. Thanks to the impeccable reputation, vehicles were produced under the names of such brands as Mazda, Nissan. A 2.7-liter diesel engine was installed as a power unit.
In this generation, the characteristics of Isuzu-Elf (photo above) with 3- and 5-liter engines have improved significantly in environmental terms. The design was brought to modern ideas about the appearance of the respective machines. The motors of the new model were distinguished by their low weight, reduction of harmful emissions into the atmosphereand economical fuel consumption.
Thanks to the optimization of the design of power units, it was possible to significantly reduce noise. Along with the improved engineering design, the overall weight of the vehicle has also been reduced. The load capacity parameter was 1.5-3 tons.
The updated image of the car received a stylish, deliberately angular configuration, as well as huge block lighting elements. The design of the truck is simple and concise, which was the reason for its copying by Chinese truck manufacturers. The modern model range includes eight modifications that differ in weight, dimensions, cabin and the number of drive wheels. For example, the all-wheel drive model "Isuzu-Elf-NPS-85", the characteristics of which are close to the "middle" class, is equipped with a wide cab, and the weight is as much as six tons.
The manufacturer positions its updated trucks in the seventh generation as “environmentally friendly” cars. The line includes versions with LPG engines. The fuel is liquefied and compressed natural gas. Strength - 125 and 120 "horses". Most of these machines are equipped as standard with a proprietary manual transmission unit, the shifting of which does not require the participation of the clutch pedal. Versions are also sold with an automatic transmission with the possibility of mechanical shifting.
Description and specifications "Isuzu-Elf-3, 5"
In this version, the machine has a completeweight 3.5 tons, load capacity - 1,650 kg. The truck is oriented for operation in the city and in the suburbs as a delivery conveyor. On the market, cars are sold with diesel power plants in accordance with the requirements of Euro-4 and Euro-5.
Turbine diesel includes four cylinders in its design, which are placed in a row. Other motor parameters:
- volume - 2.9 l;
- EGR system;
- power indicator - 124 hp p.;
- speed - 2 600 rpm.
In the Euro-5 configuration, the "engine" is supplemented with a redesigned fuel system and an additional neutralizer in the car's exhaust assembly. The engine interacts with a mechanical configuration gearbox (five modes) with the possibility of connecting a power take-off unit. There are two wheel bases - 2490 or 3350 mm. Truck dimensions are 6,020/1,855/2,185 and 4,735/1,855/2,185 mm, respectively. Ground clearance - 19 cm, wheel track - 1475/1425 (front / rear).
Features of modification 3, 5
This model is presented in the form of a compact and maneuverable truck, built on the basis of a modern universal platform such as P-700. The design optimally combines proven technical solutions and the latest technology. The unified frame makes it possible to mount a variety of superstructure configurations on the chassis, including vans, hydraulic lifts and more.
At the heart of the car is a standard chassis with a spar frame. Suspension type - springs front and rear, reinforced with transverse stabilizers on the front axle. The brake assembly is equippedhydraulic drive and drums on all wheels. The steering column is equipped with a hydraulic type amplifier. The database includes ABS, ASR, EBD systems. Complementing the beauty of the exterior are halogen optics, fog lights, a reverse buzzer, fuel filter heating, and a cabin heater.
Models 5, 2 and 5, 5
The base of this modification is the same R-700 platform with a spar-type frame, which is reinforced with several sheets. Due to this, the carrying capacity parameter has increased (3.1 t). The engine remains the same, but the rights to control are already required by C, and not by B. Other tech. characteristics of "Isuzu-Elf-NKS-58":
- curb weight - 2, 1/2, 19 kg;
- maximum load front/rear - 1, 9/2, 7 t;
- fuel tank capacity - 75/100 l;
- tire type - 205/75R16C.
Variation 5, 5 is also available in two wheelbases (short and long). The turbine diesel cylinders are arranged in a row, the volume is 2.9 liters, the fuel equipment is equipped with an electronic type injection. Cooling - liquid, there is an additional converter, maximum power - 124 "horses", maximum torque - 354 Nm. The chassis of the machine aggregates with a rigid spar frame with 4 mm thick channels.
Isuzu Elf 9, 5
The flagship model comes in four versions:
- Short base - 3,815 mm.
- Standard - 3,815 mm.
- Long version - 4175mm.
- "Superlong" - 4 475 mm.
At the same time, the width of the truck is 2.04 meters, the height is 2.27 meters, and the length is 6.04/6, 69/7, 41/7, 87, respectively. Other Options:
- gross weight – 9,500 kg;
- carrying capacity - up to 6.5 tons;
- axle load – 3.1 t;
- frame type - reinforced spars with channel;
- fuel tank capacity - 140 l.
It is worth noting that the versatility of the chassis allows you to mount all kinds of superstructures. For example: vans, manipulators, dump trucks, bunker trucks, Isuzu-Elf pit trucks. The characteristics of such structures are given below:
- power unit - four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine;
- power - 155 hp p.;
- torque - 419 Nm;
- working volume – 5 193 cm3;
- transmission - synchronized gearbox with six positions.
This latest generation unit is a modern cube cab with improved aerodynamics. Inside it is more spacious than it seems from the outside. The doors open at a right angle, the interior design is concise, but well thought out. Many niches and lockers for "small things" and documents are built in. The middle "seat" folds forward, turning into a comfortable table. All these nuances allow you to ensure maximum order in the cabin, placing all the necessary things at arm's length. Good visibility is provided by the panoramic windshield and large rear-view mirrors.
Reviews about "Isuzu-Elf"
Characteristics of the car determine the positive feedback from the owners about it. As evidenced by the reviews, the truck in question is hardy and durable, unpretentious in maintenance and rarely requires major repairs. Also, consumers are pleased with the simplicity of the design, in particular, the ease of replacing ball bearings (which is required after 120-150 thousand km), which is important for domestic roads. Users note that original Isuzu consumables are a rather expensive and difficult pleasure. Options such as air conditioning and heater function perfectly. But the car is not intended for driving outside the city and on dirt roads.