Many people have heard about the military American SUV Hummer. Its dimensions and cross-country parameters are impressive. However, the cost of the car is rather big, including cost, maintenance, fuel, taxes. The analogue of the Russian "Hammer" is often called the legend of the domestic auto industry GAZ-66 ("Shishiga"). The car is able to give odds to the "American" on the roads, but its original exterior leaves much to be desired. Consider ways to upgrade a car based on the specified truck.
Many sources of information claim that the prototype versions of the GAZ-66 have been developed since 1962. Serial production of Russian "Hammers" started in 1964. Four years later, the car was equipped with a specialized system for centralized tire pressure control. The car received the "Gold Medal" at the "Modern Agricultural Exhibition" in Moscow (1966). The car was awarded a similar prize a year later in Leipzig. GAZ-66 is the first Soviet truck to receive a state quality mark. Export area - all countriessocialist camps.
The original car in question was in service with the Soviet and Russian armies (mainly in the border troops and airborne forces). Serial production of modifications was discontinued in 1995. The last sample was released in the summer of 1999. About a million copies have been produced since then.
The Russian "Hammer" based on the GAZ-66 has several main advantages, namely:
- unpretentiousness in maintenance and operation;
- design reliability;
- a decent cross-country ability;
- possibility to use on various off-road.
In addition, the car in question is equipped with a self-locking differential on the rear axle. Increased ground clearance allows you to easily overcome difficult sections of the route, regardless of environmental conditions. Also, the advantages of the "Hammer" of the Russian army include good maintainability and availability of spare parts.
Methods of alteration
Due to the design features and excellent off-road parameters, the GAZ-66 is one of the most interesting options for creating various modifications of all-terrain vehicles. Another interesting factor is the arrangement of an SUV at your discretion. Some users focus on the transformation of metal, creating a one-of-a-kind and inimitable car model. The Russian "Hammer" based on the GAZ-66 represents a wide field of activity for craftsmen.
Constructors do not forget about the exterior, as well asthe nuances of arranging well-known competitors, for example, the Hummer H1. The price of the original for ordinary consumers is unbearable, unlike a converted all-terrain vehicle based on a domestic truck. Consider the options for transforming the specified auto.
Russian Hammer Partizan
In finished form, this modification outwardly strongly copies the American H1. The base for the "Partizan" is the 66th GAZ, which can withstand significant off-road loads. Regular components are mounted on the chassis, including the power unit, suspension, transfer and switching box.
The SUV in question is a real find for those who like to demonstrate their status by splurge. But the car differs from low-quality replicas with a solid “stuffing” and a rather simple design. The basic variation of the Russian "Hammer" in the specified performance will cost 10 times cheaper than the "American colleague". For this amount, the owner receives the closest copy of the H1, built on a reliable military platform. As a rule, there are no problems with repairs and the search for spare parts.
"Khodovka" "Partizan" is a shortened GAZ-66 chassis. In the converted machine, regular components and assemblies are retained. To maintain a low bonnet line and provide the required center of gravity, the designers of the updated SUV have moved the “engine” back, lowering it deeper into the frame.
At the same time, the fixing points of the generator and the hydraulic power steering pump were changed in parallel. Body in the middlepart is a redrawn cabin of the 66th with glazing of a unified configuration. The hood and rear cargo parts are made of fiberglass reinforced plastic, assembled according to new matrix patterns.
Russian Hummer Tiger
The specified SUV is known in the world market under the brand name Tiger HMTV. It was manufactured by domestic engineers by order of partners from the UAE, and was presented at a military exhibition in 2001 (in Abu Dhabi). At that time, the choice was made in favor of the American original, but Russian manufacturers also remained in the black. They received a jeep almost ready for serial production, and the Arabs soon improved the Tiger, called it Nimr.
Mass production of Russian "Humvees" of the specified configuration was established at the machine-building plant in Arzamas. GAZ practices the production of civilian modifications.
The chassis of the "Tiger" is a frame type, but the armored version could well do without it. The all-metal body is designed to transport up to 9 people and 1.5 tons of cargo. The standard equipment of the all-terrain vehicle includes a hydraulic power steering, since it is unrealistic to drive a five-ton "monster" without it.
In addition, the machine is equipped with a torsion bar wheel suspension of an independent type from the armored personnel carrier, hydraulic damping elements, and transverse stabilizer bars. The transfer case provides for the possibility of equipping with a locking center differential and a self-locking analogue. In constructionalso has a wheel reduction gear, pre-heater, electric winch, automatic tire inflation.
This is another version of the Russian "Hammer" (photo below). In fact, the car is a roomy passenger all-terrain vehicle based on the GAZ-66 chassis, which is characterized by high cross-country ability. "Barkhan" has a low center of gravity, excellent stability when moving over rough terrain. The car is equipped with self-locking cam-configured differentials, as well as power steering.
The machine can be equipped with a centralized wheel pressure control unit, as well as a winch installation, the traction force of which is 3.5 t/s. The body of the all-terrain vehicle is an all-metal type with five doors, fixed on the frame with the help of stepladders and rubber pillows. "Barkhan" is equipped with a ventilation and heating system, swivel windows, sliding door windows. The hood, together with the wings, rises forward, freeing access to the engine, front suspension system and steering mechanisms. Footboards and handles for passengers are provided for the convenience of boarding.
The Russian military "Hammer Barkhan" has several versions of the location of people and equipment. In the passenger version, the capacity is up to 12 people, the second configuration provides for the landing of seven people and 0.7 tons of cargo. At the same time, it is possible to tow a trailer up to 1.5 tons. The floor in the cab has specialcompartments for fixing the seats, which makes it possible to quickly convert the cabin from passenger to cargo version.
Access inside is through four side doors and a luggage compartment. A decent-sized top hatch can serve both for ventilation and as an emergency exit. Regular modifications are presented in several versions:
- cargo-passenger version;
- luxury model;
- armored cash-in-transit vehicle;
- patrol vehicle.
Combat all-terrain vehicle: description
The Russian "Hammer" with an economical engine (as far as possible) under the name "Combat" has a massive front bumper with a clear hint of ram potential. The design of the windshield consists of three compartments, which reduces the affected surface. The front optics are set deep, which additionally testifies to the reliability of the armor of the body panels made of high-quality high-alloy steel.
The left passenger door is also missing for security purposes, leveling the access of unauthorized persons to the protected facility. Despite the solid mass, the design weighing under 200 kilograms opens quite easily. Inside the armored capsule, an oppressive silence is immediately noted.
Russian "Hammer Combat" is equipped with leather trim, including the front panel. The ceiling part is sheathed in Alcantara in light colors. Most of the fittings are made in the USA.native “gadgets” - an automatic steering column poker and a lot of cup holders. It is possible to unequivocally define the interior equipment as reasonably sufficient. In stock - dual-zone climate control, an electric driver's seat, a ceiling-mounted remote control for opening the trunk. The design includes a monitor on the front of the panel, as well as navigation and Internet access.
There is one window regulator, controlled by powerful servo drives that lower and raise armored glass of category B-7, weighing 50 kilograms. Other transparent elements correspond to protection class B-2 and are made static. Experienced modifications of the Kombat are cramped inside, massive body panels take up most of the usable space. For tall people, landing may seem somewhat uncomfortable. The sofa at the back has a soft stuffing, it is quite comfortable. On serial versions, most of the shortcomings have been eliminated.
You can control the "Combat" (project T-98) with category "B" rights. The first designer of this series, D. Parfyonov, managed in an incomprehensible way to keep the weight of the all-terrain vehicle at the level of 3.5 tons. This is a thousand kilograms less than the civilian version of the American H1. Among the traction features of the domestic version, a Duramax diesel engine with a volume of 6.6 liters is noted with the ability to accelerate to one hundred kilometers in nine seconds. This indicator is pretty good for an armored car, which is not a priori focused on high-speed circuit racing. Most of these cars are driven by owners on their own, and the lion's sharepopularity falls on lightly armored versions.
If we describe the characteristics of an all-terrain vehicle built on the basis of the GAZ-66, we can note excellent off-road parameters. At the same time, the car remains essentially a truck. The driver must be aware of the technique of double depressing gear shifting, reduced sensitivity of the steering mechanism. The suspension also lets you know how stiff it is, even when equipped with additional vibration dampers.