Passenger transportation both on urban routes and between settlements is a popular and very profitable type of service. However, the requirements for passenger transport oblige company owners to periodically update the rolling stock of their enterprises. This is due to the fact that every day there are new criteria that are directly related to the safety and comfort of passengers. The purchase of expensive foreign-made buses is far from affordable for every enterprise, and the operation of old vehicles inevitably leads to the deprivation of a license. The way out of this situation is to search for cars from domestic manufacturers.
Modern and safe bus. MAZ is an alternative to overseas manufacturers
Surely everyone remembers the time when old LiAZs, LAZs and Ikarus cruised along the roads of cities and suburbs, carrying out passenger transportation in various directions. However, they are not only morally obsolete, but also completely do not meet modern safety and comfort requirements, which means that the fleet needs to be updated. MAZ buses - alternative way out of the situation.
Thanks to modern developments, the designers of the Minsk Automobile Plant have created a range of MAZ buses, which today are in great demand due to their modern design, comfort level and compliance with all passenger safety requirements. After the collapse of the Land of Soviets, the once eminent automobile manufacturer was going through very difficult times. Along with this, there was a need for a complete renewal of the fleet that provided passenger transportation services. And in 1996, the first MAZ bus rolled off the assembly line, which became a replacement for the morally and technically obsolete Ikarus.
The first model, although it met all the requirements, was far from ideal and was constantly improved over time. Along with it, new options were developed, which, due to their quality, gained confidence and became widespread both at home and in the post-Soviet expanses.
Brief technical characteristics of power units installed on MAZ buses
|Technical data||Engine Model|
|Mercedes-Benz OM 906LA||DEUTZ BF6M.1013EC||MMZ D-260.5||MMZ-D 245.30|
|Engine size, l||6.370||7.146||7.150||7.100|
|Engine power, l. s.||231||237||230||170|
|Number of cylinders||6||4|
Bus MAZ-103 for urban passenger traffic
Its dimensions are:
- Length 11.985 m.
- Width 2.5 m.
- Height 2.838 m.
The salon is equipped with three doors 1.2 m wide, and with the number of seats, which ranges from 21 to 28, it can accommodate 70 - 110 passengers. The cabin height is 2.37 m, which makes the trip comfortable even for people whose height is more than 190 cm, and the width of the passage between the seats is 73 cm. The heating is liquid and completely independent of the bus power unit. It is implemented by means of a 30 kW engine heating system. It also makes it easier to start the engine when operating the vehicle in low ambient temperatures. The driver's cab is heated by a separate air heating system, the power of which is 2–2.2 kW.
The range of power units that are installed on buses consists of three engines. These are Mercedes-Benz OM 906LA and DEUTZ BF6M.1013EC - foreign-made four-cylinder in-line diesel power units that are paired with ZF and Voith Diwa automatic transmissions. As well as the domestic diesel engine MMZ D-260.5, which is installed in tandem with a mechanical five-speed gearbox Praga 5PS 114.57.
Great transport for city and suburban flights
Unlike the previous version, with a width of 2.5 m and a height of 2.838 m, the MAZ bus-107equipped with a large number of seats, which can vary from 24 to 30, and the total cabin capacity now reaches 150 passengers. This is due to the fact that the length of the body has increased and instead of 11.985 it is 14.480 m. This bus model is equipped exclusively with an in-line four-cylinder diesel power unit Mercedes-Benz OM 906LA. Its working volume is 6.3 liters. The pair is equipped with an automatic transmission, which allows you to reach a maximum speed of up to 78 km/h.
High capacity for urban routes
The MAZ-105 bus is an excellent model of passenger transport of especially large capacity for urban transportation. This bus, thanks to its design features and the articulation of two salons together, reaches almost 18 meters in length and is equipped with 4 doors. Their size is considered standard for vehicles intended for city trips and is 1.2 m. Like the two models described above, the MAZ-105 bus is low-floor, as evidenced by the height of the first step in relation to the ground, which is 34.5 centimeters. This indicator is another proof that all developments were aimed at the comfort of passengers, and getting into a vehicle will not make it difficult even for people of advanced age or short stature. With such impressive dimensions, only 36 seats are installed in the passenger compartment of the bus. And the estimated passenger capacity should not exceed 160 people.
Power unit,installed on this model is Mercedes-Benz OM 906LA. It is paired with an automatic transmission. The maximum allowed speed is 70 km/h.
Passenger baby from Belarus is the best option for suburban flights
The MAZ-256 bus is an excellent solution for entrepreneurs and fleets that provide services for intercity transportation of passengers over medium distances. With its small dimensions, the bus interior accommodates 28 seats, and the size of the luggage compartment reaches a volume equal to 2 cubic meters. The body of passenger transport, as in the MAZ 251 bus, is made of plastic. All panels are glued into the frame. The manufacturer also provides several options for cars: a tourist bus, a fixed-route taxi and transport for intercity passenger transportation.
The MAZ-256 bus is equipped with an MMZ-D 245.30 power unit and a SAAZ-695D five-speed manual gearbox. This tandem allows you to reach speeds of 110 km/h.