The Korean automobile company Kia has been firmly in the lead in the Russian market for many years. In this article we will consider the car "Kia Rio". Car won't start? It doesn’t matter, troubleshooting in most cases is possible on your own. Let's take a closer look at the features of the model, its technical characteristics and main malfunctions.
A little about the history of the model
The first generation of "Kia Rio" appeared back in 2000. Then the car was equipped with a 1.5 liter engine, 5-speed manual and 4-speed automatic. If the base engine produced only 95 l / s, then the models exported to the USA were more powerful. 1.5 l was similar, and 1.6 l gave out about 105 l / s. Models for the European market were equipped with a 1.3-liter power unit with a capacity of 75 l / s.
In 2005, the second generation appeared. Korean cars were also sold in sedan and hatchback body styles. The consumer was offered a choice of three power units:
- 1, 4 liters 95L/s;
- turbocharged diesel engine with a volume of 1.5 liters and a capacity of 110 l/s;
- modernized version of the 1.6-liter engine with a capacity of 112 l / s.
The latest generation has been produced from 2011 to our time. There are several options for power units: 1.4 and 1.6 liters. The model in the basic configuration costs 650 thousand, and in the maximum - 850 thousand rubles.
Why the car won't start
Despite all the reliability of Korean cars, they occasionally fail. There is no getting away from this, although in most cases the driver is to blame, who does not perform maintenance on the car on time. Nevertheless, the problem that has arisen must be solved in any case. But not every driver knows how to do this and where exactly to start.
Before looking for a solution to a problem, it is necessary to deal with its possible source. As a rule, KIA RIO will not start if there are defects in the following systems:
- fuel supply;
- engine or control unit defective.
In other cases, the KIA RIO car will start. It may not work as expected, but it will succeed in 90% of cases. In fact, we have three groups of causes, each of which must be considered in more detail.
Ignition system diagnostics
Consider the case where the Kia Rio seizes but won't start. Whereinthe starter turns, and the battery has enough charge to start the engine. In the case of ignition problems, the first thing to check is the spark plugs, because very often it is the lack of a normal spark that is the main reason for the impossibility of starting the car's power unit.
Visual inspection is enough to understand if it's time to change the spark plugs. If the electrodes are melted, the gap increases and the spark becomes unstable. The manufacturer recommends changing the spark plugs annually or every 20,000-30,000 kilometers. The second most popular problem is the failure of high-voltage wires. At the same time, the Kia Rio often seizes, but does not start. For diagnostics, it is enough to remove the candle from the cylinder and, having installed a third-party candle in it, check the spark. Also, the breakdown can be seen visually. Usually on the inside of the wire at the place where the candles are mounted there is a gray stripe remaining as a result of the passage of current.
How do I replace spark plugs?
On the Kia Rio, this is quite simple. First of all, you need to pull off the high-voltage wires from the candles, unscrew the old candles and screw in the new ones. The latter are best ordered original. They have a fairly high resource of work and decent quality. Another important nuance is the tightening torque. It should be equal to about 20-25 Nm. If you overtighten the candle, you can damage the thread so that you have to drill it later. If the tightening torque is insufficient, then further unwinding from vibration is possible, which willaccompanied by tripling of the power unit. Replacing spark plugs on the Kia Rio should be done every 60,000 kilometers. But if the car is operated in harsh climatic conditions or around the city, then it is better to replace it more often.
Checking the fuel system
Another possible problem is the failure of the fuel pump. It is impossible to call the problem typical for the Rio model. In some cases, especially with regular empty-tank driving, breakdowns are quite common. It is difficult to diagnose on your own. You can, of course, replace the fuel filter, and then you will need specialized help.
It is advisable to immediately measure the pressure in the system at the fuel rail. If it is insufficient (should be 2-3 atm.), Then the fuel pump or pressure regulator has failed. If the pump is in order, the starter turns, but the Kia Rio does not start, then it is recommended to check the performance of the injectors. Usually they tend to flood candles due to a change in the diameter of the nozzle due to the ingress and coking of debris from gasoline. Washing on a special stand should save the day.
Briefly about checking the timing mechanism
If at one fine moment the Kia Rio stalled and would not start, then you should pay attention to the timing. Often, due to non-compliance with the regulations prescribed by the manufacturer, the belt breaks and bends the valves. Although it is quite difficult not to notice such a breakdown,because it is accompanied by characteristic knocks in the motor.
Another thing is loosening the idler pulley and loosening the belt. Because of this, the labels may go astray. If the belt jumps just one tooth, then the power unit will start, but if more - no.
Often such a breakdown leads to bending of the valves. The engine needs a major overhaul, it will not be possible to solve the problem on its own. But if the valves are intact, then it is enough to set marks and install a new tensioner. You need to be wary of a broken belt at medium and high speeds, because this always leads to valve failure. In order to avoid problems with jamming of the rollers and a broken belt, it is necessary to change the timing mechanism kit in time.
What do starter clicks indicate?
As it was said at the very beginning of the article, the problem can be completely trifling. For example, they forgot to turn off the headlights or left soft music after work. It is quite natural that the battery will be discharged before morning. And if the battery has already worked for several years, then this can happen even without additional sources of energy consumption during the winter night. In this case, the starter simply clicks. "Kia Rio" will not start in this case, which is quite logical.
The problem that has arisen can be solved in several ways - by replacing or charging the battery. If the battery is dead due to the fault of the driver, then it will be enough to charge it. Modern batteries are maintenance-free in most cases, so you do not need to add anything to them. Gentle charging mode2-4 amps takes a long time, but allows you to fully restore energy. For example, a 60 A / h battery with a current of 5 A needs to be charged for 12 hours. Well, replacing the battery is generally a simple matter. There are a lot of worthy manufacturers, the average service life is about 5 years, and this is if the battery is not subjected to deep discharges.
Some useful tips
The manufacturer indicates a clear deadline for the replacement of certain consumables and maintenance of a variety of components. It is advisable to follow these tips and do not leave your car unattended. Timely serviced timing is the key to a long life of your motor. Its resource is reduced by bad candles, poor quality oil and many other factors.
If the next morning the car refuses to start, then in most cases this indicates the presence of serious malfunctions, although sometimes it is possible to get off quite easily. If the crankshaft sensor fails, then in any case it needs to be changed, there is no point in repairing it. It costs a lot, but without it there will not even be a spark. Often the sensor is in a "half-alive" state for quite a long time. Therefore, it happens that the Kia Rio does not start the first time. This is due to the fact that the crankshaft sensor periodically sends incorrect data to the electronic control unit, which regulates the engine start parameters.
What do motorists say?
Driver reviews are the most useful information you can get for free. Many motorists note that "Rio" is verydecent car with a good resource, but she loves attention. Although it is very rare for a car to refuse to start (compared to some other brands), it can still happen.
For the most part, drivers recommend paying attention to the chassis. It is quite tough, and in conditions of poor quality of the road surface it quickly fails. Otherwise, experienced people advise changing candles and oil on time, and the car will serve for a very long time. Rio rarely suffers from electrical problems, but if the "brains" are covered, then new ones will be expensive. Naturally, without an ECU, the car will simply refuse to start.
So we figured out the breakdowns that can lead to a lack of engine response to turning the key in the ignition. In fact, there are a lot of reasons for such problems. Finding and eliminating them on the spot is simply impossible. Changing nodes from smaller to larger is also wrong: with such success, you can sort out half of the car, but you won’t achieve the result.
It's fair to run a diagnostic first. If this is not possible, you need to look for yourself. In practice, it's not that difficult. For example, by unscrewing the candles and looking at them, you can immediately understand whether fuel is supplied at all. If yes, then you need to check the wires, and if not, the pressure in the rail, rinse the nozzles on the stand using ultrasound. The presence of a scanner for diagnostics significantly narrows the search circle, although if the problem is mechanical, then the electronics, unfortunately, will not show it.