When planning a trip or just a trip, everyone tries to choose the most suitable mode of transport for themselves in order to spend time on the road as comfortably as possible. Today, modern buses have become so comfortable that they can easily compete with any type of transport.
For each category of tourist vehicles, the International Road Transport Union has developed certain requirements. Categories define classes of buses and are designated by stars, ranging from one to five.
Buses can be classified by number of floors, type of fuel used, and categories.
Number of floors
Vehicles are divided according to the number of floors into:
- one and a half storey;
Many travel companies prefer 1.5-decker buses.
This type of transport has a fairly good view, since the interiorlocated above the driver's seat, and the lower compartment is used for passengers' luggage. Double-deck buses are popular for their functionality.
They are mainly used to transport people over relatively short distances, for example on excursions. The lower floor of this transport can be equipped with a buffet, a game room or equipped with sleeping places for tourists.
In some European countries they are used as one of the types of city class buses. But due to their large dimensions, they are quite impractical, since in some cities it may be necessary to look for detours due to low bridges.
Most passenger buses use gasoline, methane or diesel fuel. Also recently, vehicles such as electric buses and electric cars that run on electric batteries and do not pollute the environment are beginning to gain popularity.
Classification of buses by category
Bus comfort is categorized and marked with an asterisk (). The higher the comfort, the more stars:
- Middle class buses with one star are in the first category and can be used for city or suburban tours.
- Second category buses (two stars) can be used for international tourism, but for short distances.
- Third and fourth categories are considered the highest class of buses.
- And category number five corresponds to the classluxury.
A bus with more than three stars can carry passengers over long distances.
Classes of buses by comfort are determined by the following parameters:
- Seat. This takes into account the space between the seats (from 68 to 90 cm), the height of the back of the chair (from 52 to 68 cm) and its angle of inclination, seat upholstery (quality and appearance), the presence of individual armrests.
- Climate control. Do you have individually controlled airflow or air conditioning.
- Heating method (motor or automatic temperature control).
- Windows. Tinted glass or curtains in them, is there an anti-fog coating.
- Individually adjustable lighting.
- The presence of a microphone and a loudspeaker (the latter can be designed for 4-8 seats or one in the cabin).
- The presence of a luggage compartment, as well as shelves for hand luggage.
- Sanitary equipment (bathrooms, washbasins, garbage bins).
- Equipment on the bus: hot drink heater, refrigerator, individual cup holders and folding tables, TV and car stereo.
- Personal place for the guide (equipped with everything you need).
- Availability of electrical outlets near each seat.
Luxury buses are the most comfortable and correspond to the 5-star category. These tourist class buses must haveadditional comforts. These include: a dispenser of hot and cold drinks, a microwave oven, a wardrobe, a heating cabinet for already prepared dishes, a kitchen with a grill, an armchair equipped with a special back that corrects and supports the lower back.
In the cabin, an information screen is installed, which displays the information necessary for passengers, for example, the name of the settlement to which the vehicle is approaching, distance and travel time, air temperature, etc. In such classes of buses, the noise level should be as low as possible (7476 dB).
No matter how many stars a bus has, they must all be safe. The owners of these vehicles are personally responsible for the life and he alth of passengers on the road, therefore they are obliged to monitor the technical condition of the transport - carry out technical inspection and repairs in time.